Sight Vocabulary: The words that a reader recognizes without having to stop to figure them out. A reader's sight vocabulary improves with daily practice (flash cards, games, tracing, etc) and with the amount of time spent reading. The stronger a reader's sight vocabulary, the better their fluency and comprehension.
Decoding is everything a reader does to figure out an unfamiliar word. The main strategies that we will use in reading support are:
Stretch it out: Say one sound at a time, then pull it back together.
Say the first few sounds, read to the end of the sentence, then go back and try a word that
has those sounds and makes sense.
Chunk it: Look for a chunk that you know ( prefix, suffix, base word)
Flip the vowel sound: If you think you have the sounds correct, but didn't come up with a real
word that makes sense, try changing the vowel sound you used (short to long or vice
Vocabulary: The more words a reader knows and understands, the more meaning and
enjoyment he/she will get from reading. Practice vocabulary words in real situations
as often as you can. Flash cards and pictures work well, too.